The Ultimate Guide of Alphonso mango farming in 2023 (For Beginners)

Alphonso Mango Plant trees for sale online in Kadiyam Nursery in Andhra  Pradesh.

The global demand for luscious, aromatic Alphonso mangoes is on the rise, opening up a world of opportunities for businesses in the agricultural and food processing sectors. This surge in popularity has placed a spotlight on Alphonso mango farming, an industry that is as challenging as it is rewarding. As B2B owners navigate this landscape, understanding the ins and outs of this farming can be the key to unlocking significant growth and profitability.

At the forefront of this industry is Sun Impex, an international supplier renowned for its commitment to excellence and quality. We firmly believe in supporting local farms, recognizing the unbeatable quality they offer in terms of fresh produce. Our expansive network of local farms is a testament to this belief, showcasing our dedication to fostering strong relationships with growers and contributing to the local economies.

Sun Impex’s journey in the realm of Alphonso mango farming is not just about business expansion; it is about sharing knowledge, uplifting local communities, and delivering the finest quality mangoes to businesses worldwide. We understand the importance of each step in the farming process, from the careful selection of planting materials to the meticulous care given to each tree.

This guide aims to provide B2B owners with valuable insights into Alphonso mango farming. Whether you’re a seasoned business owner looking to diversify your supply chain or a budding entrepreneur venturing into the agri-business sector, this guide offers practical advice and tips backed by Sun Impex’s rich experience.

By sharing our expertise, we hope to inspire more businesses to explore the potential of Alphonso mango farming, thereby creating a robust, sustainable, and prosperous industry that benefits everyone — from local farmers to businesses and, ultimately, the end consumers who get to enjoy the world-class taste of Alphonso mangoes.

Alphonso mango

Why Alphonso Mango Farming?

Alphonso mango farming is not just about cultivating a crop; it’s about cultivating an experience. The Alphonso mango, with its distinctive flavour and irresistible aroma, has won the hearts of people worldwide. This love for Alphonso mangoes has translated into a thriving market that presents numerous opportunities for businesses, particularly those in the agricultural and food processing sectors. Here are some solid reasons as to why someone should go for Alphonso mango farming:

  1. High Global Demand: Alphonso mangoes, often referred to as the ‘King of Mangoes,’ are globally acclaimed for their unique taste and rich aromatic flavour. This high demand, both domestically and internationally, offers a lucrative market for businesses willing to venture into Alphonso mango farming.
  2. Profitable Investment: Despite the initial investment required in terms of land, care, and cultivation, Alphonso mango farming can be a highly profitable business in the long run. The trees, once mature, can produce fruit for many years, providing a steady income source.
  3. Supports Local Economy: Alphonso mango farming presents an excellent opportunity to bolster local economies. It creates jobs, supports local farmers and suppliers, and can contribute to rural development.
  4. Sustainable Agriculture: Alphonso mango farming can be carried out sustainably, contributing positively to the environment. It helps in maintaining biodiversity, conserving water, and reducing dependence on synthetic fertilizers and pesticides.
  5. Value Addition Opportunities: Beyond selling fresh mangoes, there are numerous opportunities for value addition. Alphonso mangoes can be processed into a variety of products, including juices, jams, pickles, and dried fruits, providing additional revenue streams.
  6. Sun Impex’s Success Story: Sun Impex has leveraged the potential of Alphonso mango farming to establish a successful global business. Their experience and success serve as a testament to the opportunities this type of farming presents.
  7. Increased Food Security: Diversifying into Alphonso mango farming can contribute to regional food security. By producing locally, businesses can help ensure a stable supply of this nutritious fruit.
  8. Potential for Export: High-quality Alphonso mangoes are not just popular domestically but have a significant demand internationally. This opens up opportunities for export, allowing businesses to tap into global markets.
  9. Year-Round Demand: Although Alphonso mangoes are seasonal, the demand for them exists year-round. Through processing and preservation methods, businesses can supply mango products throughout the year, ensuring consistent revenue.
  10. Growth Opportunities: As more people become aware of the health benefits of mangoes, the demand for these fruits, and products derived from them, continues to grow. This trend suggests that there is significant potential for growth and expansion in this sector.


Understanding the Alphonso Mango

The Alphonso mango, often referred to as the ‘King of Mangoes,’ is a unique fruit native to India. It’s highly sought after for its rich flavour, creamy texture, and vibrant colour.

Unique Features

The Alphonso mango sets itself apart with its distinctive characteristics. The fruit has a vibrant golden-yellow hue when ripe, and its skin is thin but firm, making it easy to peel. The flesh of the Alphonso mango is fibre-free, buttery, and succulent, with a sweet taste that has a hint of citrus and melon flavours. Its aroma is another attractive feature – a potent, sweet-smelling fragrance that’s hard to resist.

High Demand

Alphonso mangoes are in high demand globally owing to their superior taste and quality. They’re not just consumed fresh but also used extensively in making desserts, smoothies, ice creams, and other culinary delights. In addition, Alphonso mango pulp is a significant export product from India, further adding to its demand.

Cultivation Process

Alphonso mango farming requires specific climatic conditions. They thrive best in tropical climates with low rainfall during the flowering stage and no rain during the fruit development stage.

The process begins with preparing the land and planting grafted mango saplings. The trees need regular watering until they establish themselves. Pruning is done to maintain tree size and encourage better light penetration and air circulation.

Harvesting is done manually, ensuring the mangoes are ripe but still firm. Post-harvest, the mangoes are sorted, graded, and packed for the market.

Alphonso mango farming demands patience and care, but the reward is a fruit that’s universally loved and enjoyed. The cultivation of this ‘King of Mangoes’ indeed presents an opportunity worth exploring for those in the agriculture sector.

IQF Alphonso mango slices

Starting an Alphonso Mango Farm

Here is a step-by-step guide on how to start an Alphonso mango farm:

  1. Selecting the Right Land: Mangoes thrive in a wide variety of soils but prefer slightly acidic soils with a pH between 5.2 and 7.5. The land should have good drainage as stagnant water can damage the roots of mango trees.
  2. Preparing the Land: The land should be prepared by deep ploughing 2-3 times. Dig pits of size 1 x 1 x 1m at a distance of 8-10 m between each other, depending on the fertility of the soil.
  3. Planting the Mango Trees: For commercial farming, use grafted seedlings that are 10-12 months old and 75-90 cm in height. These should be planted at the onset of the rainy season. The average planting density for Alphonso mango orchards is 96.28 trees per hectare.
  4. Caring for the Trees: Water the plants regularly at an interval of 2-3 days in the first year. Reduce the frequency as the plant grows. From the third year onwards, watering can be done at an interval of 6-8 days during summer.
  5. Protecting the Trees: Protect the young trees from pests like mango hoppers, stem borers, and diseases like powdery mildew and anthracnose.
  6. Harvesting the Mangoes: Alphonso mangoes are ready for harvesting 100-150 days after flowering. After harvesting, the mangoes should be sorted, graded, and packed for the market.

India contributes 51% of the world’s total mango production, with Andhra Pradesh ranking first in mango production with a share of 23.89%. However, the area under Alphonso mango cultivation has shrunk from 25,000 hectares in 2017 to 8,890 hectares due to climate change. Despite this, the global mango market is projected to expand by a CAGR of 4.9% and reach USD 1976.84 thousand by 2030.

With India being the largest producer of mangoes and Alphonso being one of the most popular varieties, starting your own Alphonso mango farm could be a potentially lucrative business opportunity.


Challenges in Alphonso Mango Farming and How to Overcome Them

  1. Pest and Disease Management: Alphonso mango trees are susceptible to pests like mango hoppers and diseases such as powdery mildew. To combat this, farmers should implement effective pest and disease management strategies. Regular checks for pests, use of environment-friendly pesticides, and tree health management can help control these issues.
  2. Climate Change: Climate change is a significant challenge that has led to the shrinking of areas under Alphonso mango cultivation. Farmers can adapt to this by implementing climate-smart agricultural practices, such as using drought-resistant varieties and improving irrigation methods.
  3. Post-Harvest Losses: Post-harvest losses primarily occur due to inadequate storage and transportation facilities. Investing in proper storage solutions, efficient transport systems, and training farmers on post-harvest management techniques can significantly reduce these losses.
  4. Marketing Challenges: The mango cultivation industry, including Alphonso mango farming, faces marketing challenges. Farmers can overcome this by forming cooperatives to improve bargaining power, access better markets, and get fair prices for their produce.

Sun Impex, an agro-products supplier, plays a crucial role in supporting its local farms to overcome these challenges. It provides training to farmers on best farming practices, pest and disease management, and post-harvest handling of mangoes. Moreover, Sun Impex assists in marketing the produce, ensuring that farmers get fair prices for their hard work.

The Role of Sun Impex in Alphonso Mango Farming

Sun Impex, a renowned agro-products supplier, plays an instrumental role in the Alphonso mango farming industry. They support local farms by providing them with resources and training to cultivate high-quality Alphonso mangoes.

In addition to their range of processed mango products, Sun Impex also offers IQF (Individually Quick Frozen) Alphonso mango slices and dices. These are made from the finest quality Alphonso mangoes and are packed under the most hygienic conditions to retain their original taste, texture, and flavour.

Their commitment to quality is unwavering. Before the mangoes are plucked from their farms, they undergo a rigorous quality check process to ensure they meet the highest standards. Sun Impex is also set to export a range of processed mango products worldwide, indicating their active contribution to the global mango market.

Moreover, Sun Impex ensures that the mango pulp, puree, concentrate, and IQF slices and dices they produce are as fresh as those plucked directly from the farm. Their meticulous attention to detail and quality control measures guarantee that B2B owners receive only the best products.

Alphonso mango farming

Alphonso mango farming


Alphonso mango farming holds immense potential for B2B owners due to the fruit’s popularity and demand. By partnering with an experienced and reliable supplier like Sun Impex, businesses can ensure a steady supply of high-quality Alphonso mangoes and related products.

Sun Impex’s role in supporting local farms, contributing to the mango industry, and maintaining strict quality standards underscores its commitment to delivering the best to its clients.

If you’re interested in high-quality Alphonso mangoes or wish to become part of Sun Impex’s network of local farms, don’t hesitate to reach out. Contact Sun Impex today for more information and discover how you can benefit from their expertise in Alphonso mango farming.

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